What Does “Orthognathic” Mean?
Put simply, orthognathic simply means “of the jaws”. When patients are being treated by an orthodontist for braces they involve an oral and maxillofacial surgeon should jaw surgery be necessary. The purpose of the jaw surgery is to move the upper or lower jaws into an “ideal” position to optimize occlusion (your bite).
People who can benefit from orthognathic surgery include those with an improper bite or jaws that are positioned incorrectly. Jaw growth is a gradual process and in some instances, the upper and lower jaws may grow at different rates. The result can be a host of problems that can affect chewing, speech, long term oral health and appearance.
Traumatic injuries to the jaw and birth defects can also affect their alignment. Orthognathic surgery may help with open bites, protruding jaws, breathing problems (obstructive sleep apnea), gummy smiles, and difficulty in chewing or swallowing.
We use the most recent advances in dental implant technology. Three dimensional scans are often utilized so a virtual surgery can be planned prior to the actual procedure where pitfalls can be identified in advance. At Maxillo Winnipeg, we only use mainstream implant systems from reputable manufacturers. These companies have proven themselves as leaders in the field of implant dentistry and also have a strong local support network of company representatives willing to give their expertise on cases.
Dental implant placement is a team effort between the oral and maxillofacial surgeon and a restorative dentist or prosthodontist. Our doctors will perform the actual implant surgery, initial tooth extraction and bone graft if necessary; the restorative dentist (your family dentist) fits and makes the permanent prosthesis. You can also request a temporary prosthesis to wear during the healing phase.
For most patients, the placement of dental implants involves a single procedure of surgical insertion of the implant and a healing cylinder. The majority of dental implants are placed under local anesthesia with or without additional sedation.
The implant is then allowed to bond to the bone (osseointegrate) over a period of 3-4 months. We will see you regularly after the surgery to keep a close watch on the healing process and when the implants are fully healed you will be seen by your dentist to complete the treatment. The whole process may take 6-9 months. Most patients experience minimal disruption in their daily lives.
General Anesthesia/Intervenous Sedation
Following General Anesthesia or Intervenous Sedation, you are considered impaired for 24 hours. Do not operate a motor vehicle or make important decisions during this time frame. We recommend no consumption of alcohol or drugs during this period, or while taking the prescribed medications.
The more frequent you rinse with salt water, the better
Following surgery, some pain is normal and expected. Take the prescription pain medication as you feel necessary, not exceeding the daily maximum dose. Over-the-counter Tylenol or Advil can be just as helpful. Your surgeon will discuss this with you.
A small amount of bleeding is normal after the surgery. Your surgeon will discuss with you whether stitches were used during the procedure. Non-dissolving stitches will be removed at a follow-up 10-14d post-surgery when we assess healing. If dissolving sutures (stitches) were placed, they will typically fall out after 4-7 days.
Smoking should be avoided for at least 7 days post operatively. It is the primary cause of delayed wound healing and infection.
Brushing your teeth is critical post-operatively to minimize pain and infection. Brush at least after every meal for 7 days. The cleaner you keep your mouth, the more comfortable you will be. You may use a small baby toothbrush with soft bristles and either warm water or toothpaste. Keep the brush on the teeth. If you bump into one of the dissolving sutures (stitches) you will not do any harm.
You will be prescribed a medicated oral rinse (chlorhexidine 0.12%) that you will begin to use 24 hours post-operatively. Do not use products such as Scope or Listerine. Warm salt water may be used in replacement of the chlorhexidine (1/4 teaspoon of salt dissolved in 250ml of warm water). The most frequent you rinse with salt water, the better.
Swelling is completely normal and expected. It will peak 2-5 days post operatively then begin to subside. This may extend under the chin and down the neck. Ice packs are helpful on the cheek (20 minutes on, 20 minutes off) on the first postoperative day. Warm packs will be beneficial starting on day 2 post surgery.
Following jaw surgery, some pain is normal and expected. Take the prescription pain medication as you feel necessary, not exceeding the daily maximum dose. Over the counter Tylenol or Advil can be just as helpful. Dr. Scherle will discuss this with you.
A small amount of bleeding is normal after the surgery. You will have dissolving sutures (stitches) along the gum line that will fall out after 5-7 days.
Cold fluids are recommended for the first 2-3 days. Smoothies, protein shakes, ice cream or yogurt are good options. You may then progress your diet as you are comfortable. Food that is easily cut with a fork (fish, pasta, eggs) may be trialed, eventually working your way back to a normal diet as quickly as you are comfortable. Let your knife and fork do the chewing for you. Lots of small bites will make any meal manageable.
Bruising may occur post operatively and can extend from the face, beneath the chin and onto the chest/breast. This is normal and should not cause alarm. It will resolve within 7-10 days.
Please call the office should you experience any postoperative issues or have any questions. We will schedule a follow up visit at your convenience.